The king had limited control over his own administration. David executes the men who killed in .NET Implementation 3 of 9 in .NET The king had limited control over his own administration. David executes the men who killed

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25 The king had limited control over his own administration. David executes the men who killed using vs .net toget code 3 of 9 for web,windows application .NET Framework 3.0 Ish-boshet, Saul s hei USS Code 39 for .NET r and David s rival (2 Sam 4:5 12), but his own military chief, Joab, is too powerful for him to do more than admonish him (2 Sam 3:39). Joab s punishment must wait until Solomon s reign (1 Kgs 2:5, 28 34).

26 Robert R. Wilson, Enforcing the Covenant: The Mechanisms of Judicial Authority in Early Israel, in The Quest for the Kingdom of God: Studies in Honor of George E. Mendenhall (ed.

H. B. Huffmon, F.

A. Spina, and A. R.

W. Green; Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 1983), 61. 27 W.

F. Albright argues that the Chronicles account is historically accurate in depicting the judicial system in the late monarchy and that the differences between the Deuteronomy texts on the judicial system and the Chronicles account of Jehoshaphat are negligible, that all these texts are describing what is essentially the same system ( The Judicial Reform of Jehoshaphat, in Alexander Marx Jubilee Volume [New York: The Jewish Theological Seminary, 1950], 61 82). Recent scholarship has reevaluated Albright s position.

Cf. Whitelam, The Just King, 185 206; Wilson, Israel s Judicial System in the Preexilic Period, 243 245, and Sara Japhet, I & II Chronicles: A Commentary (OTL; Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993), 770 779..

BLOOD FEUD AND STATE CONTROL (Ezra 8; Neh 7). This, .NET 3 of 9 barcode too, is part of Jehoshaphat s reform, with the heads of the ancestral houses serving as part of the central court.

It appears, then, that Jehoshaphat s reform re ects an early Second Temple setting. Deuteronomy represents a First Temple situation, one of less centralization and greater local control. It seems clear, therefore, that a great deal of legal authority remained in the local community throughout the First Temple period.

Justice was administered generally at the local level. Justice, however, could be sought directly from the monarchy both in the southern kingdom (2 Sam 15:2 5; 1 Kings 3) and in the northern kingdom (2 Kgs 8:3, 5). The king did possess a jurisdiction that coincided with that of the local community.

The monarchy did not replace a system of local justice but actually helped in keeping the system alive, as we have seen in the case of the wise woman from Tekoa, by remedying abuses, albeit inconsistently.28 There were reservations about appealing to a nonlocal authority. In the Elisha cycle, for example, the Shunammite woman is asked by Elisha whether he should approach the king or army commander to intervene on her behalf.

The woman refuses, stating that she lives among her own people, implying that her kinsmen would take care of her (2 Kgs 4:13).29 Furthermore, it should be noted as well that the role of the king in the system of justice is something that would not have been known except for the evidence of literary texts: Legal texts do not posit any role for the monarch. Literary texts re ect the aws in the system that the monarch must correct.

The persistence of a local or community-based system of justice can be seen in the role of elders as administrators of justice, as well as in the threat of the blood avenger on the killer s life. The elders judge whether the accused is guilty of intentional or accidental homicide. Furthermore, the statute in Deut 19:1 13 is framed in terms of towns, not tribes, not larger administrative units, even though Deuteronomy dates from a time of urbanization.

30 At the same time, Deuteronomic statutes also recognize a court of judges in place of elders, as well as a judicial role for priests.31 Deuteronomy appears, thus, to recognize three systems of rendering judgments, those of the elders, judges, and priests, operating simultaneously.32 The precise jurisdiction of each is dif cult to de ne.

It is clear, though, that in cases where the law was.
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